Tag Archive: WMDs


Dustin Broadbery: The Controlled Demolition of Society

POSTED  HECTOR DRUMMOND

Dustin blogs at www.thecogent.org, and his Twitter is TheCogent1.

The controlled demolition of society, named COVID-19, places us at the gates to hell, somewhere between freedom and slavery, fighting a battle for humanity against a government who have become the occupational hazard of being human.

In little under eight months, those who go under the sobriquet of protector of individual freedom from tyranny, have taken on the mantle of oppressor. Turning on the people of this nation, taking legal control over our lives, removing our personal agency, dictating where we can go and who we can meet. Irrespective of these historic infractions on our freedom, we obediently roll over rather than disturb the hornet’s nest and industriously heed the call of showman politicians who have enlisted us, unaware the culpability has been passed from the overlords to the victims of their tyranny.

‘We are all in this together’ is another blandishment from this Prime Minister. Despite his inner circle ruling this country by ministerial decree since March. Rolling out the most injurious legislation in history, without recourse to scrutiny, debates or votes in Parliament, engagement with civil society, or indeed risk assessment of the impact of these laws, which even the lawmakers do not obey. In the time-honoured tradition of one rule for thosemaking the rulesanother rule for everyone else.

Following a handful of idle sessions at the House of Commons, liberties older than Parliament itself have been confiscated on the basis of a disease with an average mortality age of 82. What has been achieved on this basis by the architects of this apocalypse is not only reprehensible, it is ingenious. Uniting millions behind the cult of COVID. Transcending decades of the usual propaganda, behavioural engineering, the manufacturing of consent. Mitigating the expense of war, terrorism, or whatever chicanery has been at the disposal of those in power, grooming us towards a controlled destination. In this particular watershed, a permanent checkpoint of our democracy to issue the terms of our servitude, called the biosecurity state.

The Trojan Horse of COVID

Admittedly, this is not your standard issue-industrialised, globalised takeover of society. Why would it be? Fascism has come a long way since Hitler. Nowadays the general population is too smart, would recognise the face of tyranny and not this garden variety imposter. Or so we think. Besides, ‘without the Allies landing on the beaches of Normandy, how could we be under siege?’ We reassure ourselves before crawling back into captivity in a comforting lockstep with less fortunate nations. Adaptation is a wonderful thing, but maybe not for us. In keeping with the opaque nature of this political confidence trick, this is not your typical dictatorship either. Instead it’s Middle England’s answer to a veritable military junta, carrying the letters of marque from Her Majesty’s Government to legitimize its piracy, courted by the ivory towers of science and medicine, and extolled as a force for good by a population sleepwalking towards the edge of disaster. Meanwhile society burns ritualistically to the ground. But that’s ok, we can build back better from the ashes. Or so we are told.

This journey towards the wrong side of history is made possible by subtle nuances of control, confusion and fear that most fail to comprehend. Triggering the wholesale abandon of logic and reason to a seemingly benevolent cult who offer protections against our day of reckoning. The threat of death strikes an uncomfortable chord and our ability to adapt makes us low-hanging fruit. But who could have predicted fascism would look so ordinary from inside the Panopticon? Once we’re plugged into a shared digital common, a state of emergency can rapidly contaminate consensus, until collectivism flourishes like wildfire. Meanwhile, measured perspective becomes an act of war. Who wants to be on the wrong side of the cult, when those failing to bend a knee to COVID, are, by disassociation, guilty, with blood on their hands? This entire process works because the fertile ground for any dictatorship to prosper is fear. A state of emergency unites us with common purpose. And what could be more compelling than a pandemic? Death, like communism, levels the playing field of all distinctions. Regardless of class, age, gender, or race, death is indiscriminate. Reaffirming the normalcy of our departure from one place of relative safety to another is straightforward enough. Safety is, after all, relative to the setting of the emergency. The higher the alert level, the safer we feel in the herd, regardless of small matters such as the number of prison bars holding us captive. In a strong-enough current people are like driftwood trying to dock in the reeds. Remember the motto of this thing from the outset: ‘The New Normal?’

The pandemic hunkers down on the Blitz Spirit of the British people. Boris plays Churchill, Vallance and Whitty flank the General, and the propagandists ensnare a nation under mass-hypnosis, who muzzle their senses and clap for their captors. Important matters of front-line battle are the prerogative of Johnson et al, who work round the clock to dampen, depress and demoralise the public spirit, criminalising just about every form of human expression conceivable. In this Kafkaesque rendition of reality, an arsenic cough, the assassin’s handshake are the crimes against humanity, while our personal hygiene and voluntary associations stand before the Nuremberg Trials.

COVID is the greatest operation to divide and rule in human history. Factionalising family members, separating each from their powers of reason, and weaponizing society as the Black Death, whose panacea is an unrelenting assault on the basic joys of life and other misguided freedoms, that we are told, are the agents of our suffering.

The cautionary tale from history should teach us that surrendering of our rights out of fear of some existential threat is never a good idea. Typically it’s a threat hatched by a government looking to cross the Rubicon from protector of individual liberty to regulator of the psycho-sociosexual. Dictating who we may and may not procreate with is yet another compulsion of cult ideology. Which should be enough to convince most we are living under tyranny. Or so it would seem.

On the contrary, those with front row tickets, prostrated in self-imposed exile, bribed with government kickbacks, and disguising their own fear of death as compassion for others, would disagree. Claiming (amongst other platitudes), ‘’It’s only for another six months… Even if it means saving just one life… 2020 is the year that was cancelled… You wear a seatbelt but not a face covering…”. This is despite the overwhelming body of evidence that we are not the victims of indiscriminate, extemporaneous encroachments on our liberties, but rather our rights are being permanently dismantled through a carefully planned sequence of events, where the previous imposition makes way for the next tightening of the screw. The volitional guidelines for the hospitality industry to track and trace our movements has predictably been ramped up to mandatory. Anticipating the next iteration in this sequence: gun-to-your-head contact tracing across all interfaces of the economy, our workspaces, public transport, international flights and supermarkets. Or, for those refusing to comply, then it’s ‘no ticket, no laundry.’ And the emergence of COVID-apartheid.

In the end, if you failed to push back against contact tracing, you stand no chance of resisting mandatory vaccinations. Until the megalomaniacs in power, with their ulterior motives and god-complexes, finally claim regulatory control over our bodies. And make no mistake, our minds will be next.

The Vanguards of Public Health

The controlled demolition of our economy was predicated under the banner of protecting our NHS. When paradoxically, our NHS was built to protect us (not the other way around). As a result, thousands of terminally ill patients continue to be denied critical care. Notice the word ‘continue.’ There have been soaring deaths for Alzheimer’s and heart disease. Doctors surgeries remain closed, while off-licenses have been on-call. Comparable to shutting down the military during wartime and plying the soldiers with booze. More recently hospitals are turning away sick children, to make space for potential COVID cases. Notice the word ‘potential.’ Are you beginning to get the picture?

While it may be “no measure of good health to be well adjusted to a profoundly sick society” the general population continues to pretend everything is unexceptional, instead of confronting the elephant in the room and raising a red flag to the proclivities of this government, as they strip even our senior citizens of their basic rights. Pensioners kept under house arrest, in understaffed and underfunded nursing homes, prohibited from seeing their loved ones for 12-months; as you would expect, many have lost the will to live.

Where is the public outrage?

Remember, we put up the collateral of our freedom to protect our vulnerable ranks. We carried the yoke of self-imposed exile, unemployment, separation from family members, masking up in public, to protect just one demographic: our senior citizens. This government, meanwhile, matched our stake by forcing the elderly out of hospitals and into care homes at the height of this pandemic. If we were indeed a healthy society, then before the ink had dried on the Do Not Resuscitate Orders, the following questions would have been promptly answered by Public Health England.

What social group was more at risk? Who did we spare hospital capacity for? Who do we continue to surrender our freedom for? Has the corpse of Harold Shipman been dug up and placed at the head up the Department of Health? Or has this been about something else all along? (All graphs can be clicked to enlarge.)

Lockdown 2.0

By this government’s own projections, lockdown will eventually kill more healthy people than COVID. The cure is unquestionably worse than the disease:

On 31st October the Prime Minister consulted the augers, adjusted the setting of his wrecking ball to ‘round two’ before unleashing another payload of devastating missiles against the posthumous germ. Using the very same blind sightedness that catastrophically failed the first time around. Indeed, those who are ignorant of history are doomed to repeat its mistakes.

We must therefore ask: what is driving these devastating policies towards the brink of societal collapse?

With the word ‘overwhelmed’ passed around like a bad penny in the political pulpits, are we seeing an increase in hospital admissions? Not in the slightest. A & E attendances for acute respiratory infection are running at 75% capacity, compared to the baseline, and there were significantly more respiratory-related hospital admissions in Dec 2019, pre-COVID. This fact alone would suggest the government is a prevaricating, deceiving, misleading, fraudulent, tellers of untruths.

Are we seeing a surge in deaths? Certainly not. The second wave is as fashionably late as the Prime Minister’s 4pm press conference on 31st October. And according to ONS data, in week 41 deaths were just 1.5% above the five-year average (in line with population growth). COVID accounted for only 4.4% of all deaths versus influenza and pneumonia at 16.3%. Even more alarming is this paper from the Oxford University Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM), which reveals COVID-19 was not the underlying cause of death for 30% of all recent deaths attributed to the disease. 30%. Nevertheless, Johnson has pandered to the opposition (for want of a better word) and delivered another lockdown. Despite forty thousand scientists and medical professionals imploring an end to this institutional madness. Yet, deaf to common reason and without compunction, our political leaders continue to ride roughshod over the democratic principle when there has always been another way. Look at Sweden:

What’s more, when we overlay deaths per million in Sweden with the UK, it is clear the virus follows its own trajectory, regardless of ineffective lockdowns.

Despite this data being readily available to the government and SAGE we continue on this crooked path towards the brink of collapse.

When we examine hospital admissions, COVID deaths, and excess deaths for this time of year, there is nothing exceptional in the data. Therefore, is COVID a moderately bad flu season? Well, according to ONS, up to 23rd October 2020, there were 56,073 excess deaths over 9 months in England and Wales (although only 45,224 of those were Covid deaths). Whereas in the winter of 2017/2018 – over a shorter period of 3 months – there were 50,100 excess deaths. [HD: it should be noted that what ONS means by ‘excess’ in ‘excess winter deaths’ is something quite different to what ‘excess’ means in relation to the general all-cause mortality figures, but it’s a reasonable proxy for it: more here.] 2017-2018 saw the highest excess deaths since winter 1975/1976:

Finally, Rick Hayward, writing for Hector Drummond has extrapolated all-cause winter-spring mortality going back to 1993, and adjusted for population growth, 2019-20 is in fact the eighth worst season of the last twenty-six:

Mandatory Vaccinations

The rules for clinicians on defining COVD cases clearly states the ‘presence of symptoms.’ But contrary to these rules, more than 80% of those tested on the day had no symptoms. So why then is this government counting non-symptomatic cases as cases? Why do they refuse to publish or even acknowledge the impact of false positives? And importantly, why is COVID is the most politicised cause of death in history?

To answer these questions it is important to understand that those driving this controlled demolition forward have skin in the game. Especially Her Majesty’s Government. The UK is the number one investor in immunology amongst all G7 countries. The British Society for Immunology is the largest in Europe. The life sciences industry, of which immunology is an important part was worth £70 billion to the UK economy in 2019. The UK is the biggest country donor to the World Health Organisation. And the UK is the number one funder of the vaccine alliance, GAVI. It is well understood that a global mandatory vaccination program would be one of the world’s most lucrative commodities. Do the math: the average cost of a vaccine x 7.8 billion people x every year of their lives.

Immunisation therefore presents a golden opportunity for Britain to restore its legacy of empire, through a quasi-imperialistic meddling in the affairs of developing nations, with a global mandatory vaccination program that would provide the old empire with significant influence over global health and education policy. Despite the government’s own admission that the UK’s influenza vaccine was just 15% effective for 2017-18. Would you pay the full price for a car that was 15% operational? Or a lunch that was 15% food? No. But if those products were mandatory you would have no choice.

The Great Reset 

No indictment of the pandemic response would be complete without a mention of the technocratic takeover of our cultural commons, predicated by unelected decision-makers, through programs like The Great Reset, which the UK has been onboard with since at least 2017, when Matt Hancock was Minister for Digital. In 2019 the British government laid out its roadmap towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution in this white paper. Notice this statement:

It is characterised by a fusion of technologies – such as artificial intelligence, gene editing and advanced robotics – that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital and biological worlds.

Sound familiar?

With a background in digital rather than health it is no coincidence that our masquerading Minister of Health, Matt Hancock, is at the helm of the greatest public health response in history. A role that reprises many of the technologies Hancock was bringing to market during his tenure as Minister for Digital, which COVID provides the necessary bluster to implement, including contact tracing, immunity passports, and other apparatus of digital control and surveillance being rolled out under the Joint Biosecurity Centre, foreshadowing the merger of human, digital and smart grid.

Another stooge doing the unofficial bidding for a global elite towards a Great Reset is our own affable dictator, Johnson. A disciple of the cult of technocracy since his address to the UN in 2019. So committed in fact, he has ruled out, under any circumstances, a return to normal, ever. Regardless of how the pandemic pans out, beyond the vicissitudes of his crystal ball.

According to the vision of the Great Reset, by 2030 ‘we will own nothing; all products will become services.’ By which time we will witness the seismic displacement of billions of workers worldwide, with the overhaul of cheaper artificial intelligence to replace arbitraryand costly human labour. People and communities will be sacrificed at the corporate altar as a corporation’s entitlement to higher margins takes precedence over a person’s right to work and maintain financial independence. Humanity will become auxiliary to the rights of nature, with the alignment of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, Climate Change and the SDGs of the UN’s Agenda 2030. A kind of world communism will pervade the social spectrum and turn world citizens into a kind of one size fits all, while those at the top of the pyramid will benefit exclusively from a capitalist system gone rogue. The social credits system, that scores citizens on their ‘behaviour’, is already a dystopian nightmare for millions of Chinese citizens, who are prohibited from travelling on trains and aeroplanes. This apparatus of social control is already being trumpeted in Australia’s political pulpits as the exit plan for COVID, should Australian citizens wish to re-enter the economy themselves in 2021. Ripples of this new world order are fast approaching the shores of mainland Britain, with the Universal Living Wage system under trial runs in British Cities.

As the Jackals Circle

It is therefore no surprise that the Coronavirus Act was renewed on 30th September by the shills at Westminster. Despite the drum-beating of apparently dissenting MPs, in the end all these mutineers (in name only) could muster was a kind of vague gentlemen’s agreement on votes ‘where possible’ on ‘significant measures.’ Whatever that means. Even more disturbing was the idle voter turnout on the day, when only a criminal 54% of MP’s could be bothered to raise their hand to vote – including a flimsy 3% of all Labour MP’s – on what is perhaps the most important piece of legislation in history.

As a result we now stand at a crossroads, in what is destined to become the most important moment in history. Looking out onto a bleak horizon, where human freedom will become a thing of the past, with two possible scenarios to consider going forward. Because we all know what’s coming.

The first scenario involves each dissenter carefully deciding where they want to get trapped. Because in a few months once ‘vaccine-apartheid’ is implemented, those who refuse the jab will have very limited access to the economy and escape through international travel will be impossible.

The second scenario involves humanity resurfacing from behind the sofa. Organizing into a powerful consortium of stakeholders, towards a national opposition movement, with a clear and focussed mandate: to reclaim our citizenry, implement an independent publicly-led inquiry to examine the science vs the risks, bring this government to account for their malfeasance, and change the course of history. Because with the vast majority of career MP’s complicit in this agenda or lacking the vertebrae to oppose it, the burden of responsibility now rests squarely on the shoulders of the people. At this critical juncture, it is our civic duty to push back, resist, dissent, disobey. Let civil disobedience rip through this country, until it is returned to some semblance of normality. While we still have the notion of democracy to defend, we need to stand firm under its basic tenets. We must take off the mask, break the rules, organise and assemble in large groups and importantly, we need to protest and let our voices shudder throughout Westminster. If there is a silver lining to this historic debacle, now that the cannon smoke has settled on the battlefield, we can clearly see the snakes laid bare in the grass.

Reference link: https://hectordrummond.com/2020/11/09/dustin-broadberythe-controlled-demolition-of-society/

War is a frivolous waste of resources spurred on by frivolous greedy mongers…

Photo by Stefan Krasowski | CC BY 2.0

We are fighting in Korea so we won’t have to fight in Wichita, or in Chicago, or in New Orleans, or in San Francisco Bay.

— President Harry S Truman, 1952

Why has this tiny nation of 24 million people invested so much of its limited resources in acquiring nuclear weapons? North Korea is universally condemned as a bizarre and failed state, its nuclear posture denounced as irrational.

Yet North Korea’s stance cannot be separated out from its turbulent history during the 20th Century, especially its four decade long occupation by Japan, the forced division of the Korean peninsula after World War II, and, of course, the subsequent utterly devastating war with the United States from 1950-1953 that ended in an armistice in which a technical state of war still exists.

Korea is an ancient nation and culture, achieving national unity in 608 CE, and despite its near envelopment by gigantic China it has retained its own unique language and traditions throughout its recorded history. National independence came to an end in 1910 after five years of war when Japan, taking advantage of Chinese weakness, invaded and occupied Korea using impressed labor for the industries Japan created for the benefit of its own economy. As always the case for colonization the Japanese easily found collaborators among the Korean elite Koreans to manage their first colony.

Naturally a nationalist resistance movement emerged rapidly and, given the history of the early 20th Century, it was not long before communists began to play a significant role in Korea’s effort to regain its independence. The primary form of resistance came in the form of “peoples’ committees” which became deeply rooted throughout the entire peninsula, pointedly in the south as well. It was from these deeply political and nationalistic village and city committees that guerrilla groups engaged the Japanese throughout WWII. The parallels with similar organizations in Vietnam against the Japanese, and later against the French and Americans, are obvious. Another analogous similarity is that Franklin Roosevelt also wanted a Great Power trusteeship for Korea, as for Vietnam. Needless to say both Britain and France objected to this plan.

When Russia entered the war against Japanese in August of 1945 the end of Japanese rule was at hand regardless of the atomic bomb. As events turned out Japan surrendered on 15 August when Soviet troops had occupied much of the northern peninsula. It should be noted that American forces played no role in the liberation of Korea from Japanese rule. However, because the Soviets, as allies of the U.S., wished to remain on friendly terms they agreed to the division of Korea between Soviet and American forces. The young Dean Rusk, later to become Secretary of State under Kennedy and Johnson, arbitrarily drew a line of division across the 38th Parallel because, as he said, that would leave the capital city, Seoul, in the American zone.

Written reports at the time criticized Washington for “allowing” the Red Army into Korea but the fact was it was the other way around. The Soviets could easily have occupied the entirety of Korea but chose not to do so, instead opting for a negotiated settlement with the U.S. over the future of Korea. Theoretically the peninsula would be reunited after some agreement between the two victors at some future date.

However, the U.S. immediately began to favor those Koreans who had collaborated with the Japanese in the exploitation of their own country and its people, largely the landed elites, and Washington began to arm the provisional government it set up to root out the peoples’ committees. For their part the Soviets supported the communist nationalist leader, Kim Il-Sung who had led the guerrilla army against Japan at great cost in lives.

In 1947 the United Nations authorized elections in Korea, but the election monitors were all American allies so the Soviets and communist Koreans refused to participate. By then the Cold War was in full swing, the critical alliance between Washington and Moscow that had defeated Nazi Germany had already been sundered. As would later also occur in Vietnam in 1956, the U.S. oversaw elections only in the south of Korea and only those candidates approved by Washington. Syngman Rhee became South Korea’s first president protected by the new American armed and trained Army of the Republic of Korea. This ROK was commanded by officers who had served the Japanese occupation including one who had been decorated by Emperor Hirohito himself and who had tried to track down and kill Kim Il Sung for the Japanese.

With Korea thus seemingly divided permanently both Russian and American troops withdrew in 1948 though they left “advisers” behind. On both sides of the new artificial border pressures mounted for a forcible reunification. The fact remained that much of rural southern Korea was still loyal to the peoples committees. This did not necessarily mean that they were committed communists but they were virulent nationalists who recognized the role that Kim’s forces had played against the Japanese. Rhee’s forces then began to systematically root out Kim’s supporters. Meanwhile the American advisers had constantly to keep Rhee’s forces from crossing the border to invade the north.

In 1948 guerrilla war broke out against the Rhee regime on the southern island of Cheju, the population of which ultimately rose in wholesale revolt. The suppression of the rebellion was guided by many American agents soon to become part of the Central Intelligence Agency and by military advisers. Eventually the entire population was removed to the coast and kept in guarded compounds and between 20,000 and 30,000 villagers died. Simultaneously elements of the ROK army refused to participate in this war against their own people and this mutiny was brutally suppressed by those ROK soldiers who would obey such orders. Over one thousand of the mutineers escaped to join Kim’s guerrillas in the mountains.

Though Washington claimed that these rebellions were fomented by the communists no evidence surfaced that the Soviets provided anything other than moral support. Most of the rebels captured or killed had Japanese or American weapons.

In North Korea the political system had evolved in response to decades of foreign occupation and war. Though it was always assumed to be a Soviet satellite, North Korea more nearly bears comparison to Tito’s Yugoslavia. The North Koreans were always able to balance the tensions between the Soviets and the Chinese to their own advantage. During the period when the Comintern exercised most influence over national communist parties not a single Korean communist served in any capacity and the number of Soviet advisers in the north was never high.

Nineteen forty-nine marked a watershed year. The Chinese Communist Revolution, the Soviet Atomic Bomb, the massive reorganization of the National Security State in the U.S. all occurred that year. In 1950 Washington issued its famous National Security Paper-68 (NSC-68) which outlined the agenda for a global anti-communist campaign, requiring the tripling of the American defense budget. Congress balked at this all-encompassing blueprint when in the deathless words of Secretary of State Dean Acheson “Thank God! Korea came along.” Only months before Acheson had made a speech in which he pointedly omitted Korea from America’s “Defense perimeter.”

The Korean War seemed to vindicate everything written and said about the” international communist conspiracy. In popular myth on June 25, 1950 the North Korean Army suddenly attacked without warning, overwhelming surprised ROK defenders. In fact the entire 38th Parallel had been progressively militarized and there had been numerous cross border incursions by both sides going back to 1949. On numerous occasions Syngman Rhee had to be restrained by American advisers from invading the north. The Korean civil war was all but inevitable. Given postwar American plans for access globally to resources, markets and cheaper labor power any form of national liberation, communist or liberal democratic, was to be opposed. Acheson and his second, Dean Rusk, told President Truman that “we must draw the line here!” Truman decided to request authorization for American intervention from the United Nations and bypassed Congress thereby leading to widespread opposition and, later, a return to Republican rule under Dwight Eisenhower..

Among the remaining mysteries of the UN decision to undertake the American led military effort to reject North Korea from the south was the USSR’s failure to make use of its veto in the Security Council. The Soviet ambassador was ostensibly boycotting the meetings in protest of the UN’s refusal to seat the Chinese communists as China’s official delegation. According to Bruce Cumings though, evidence exists that Stalin ordered the Soviet ambassador to abstain. Why? The UN resolution authorizing war could have been prevented. At that moment the Sino-Soviet split was already in evidence and Stalin may have wished to weaken China, something which actually happened as a result of that nation’s subsequent entry into the war. Or he may have wished that cloaking the UN mission under the U.S. flag would have revealed the UN to be largely under the control of the United States, which indeed it was. What is known is that Stalin refused to allow Soviet combat troops and reduced shipments of arms to Kim’s forces. Later, however Soviet pilots would engage Americans in the air. The Chinese were quick to condemn the UN action as “American imperialism” and warned of dire consequences if China itself were threatened.

The war went badly at first for the U.S. despite numerical advantages in forces. Rout after rout followed with the ROK in full retreat. Meanwhile tens of thousands of southern guerrillas who had originated in peoples’ committees fought the Americans and the ROK. At one point the North Koreans were in control of Seoul and seemed about to drive American forces into the sea. At that point the commander- in-chief of all UN forces, General Douglas MacArthur,  announced that he saw unique opportunities for the deployment of atomic weapons. This call was taken up by many in Congress.

Truman was loathe to introduce nukes and instead authorized MacArthur to conduct the famous landings at Inchon in September 1950 with few losses by the Marine Corps vaunted 1st Division. This threw North Korean troops into disarray and MacArthur began pushing them back across the 38th Parallel, the mandate imposed by the UN resolution. But the State Department claimed that the border was not recognized under international law and therefore the UN mandate had no real legal bearing. It was this that MacArthur claimed gave him the right to take the war into the north. Though the North Koreans had suffered a resounding defeat in the south, they withdrew into northern mountain redoubts forcing the American forces that followed them into bloody and costly combat, led Americans into a trap.

The Chinese had said from the beginning that any approach of foreign troops toward their border would result in “dire consequences.” Fearing an invasion of Manchuria to crush the nascent communist revolution the Chinese foreign minister, Zhou En-Lai declared that China “will not supinely tolerate seeing their neighbors invaded by the imperialists.” MacArthur sneered at this warning. “… They have no airforce…if the Chinese tried to get down to Pyongyang there would be a great slaughter…we are the best.” He then ordered airstrikes to lay waste thousands of square miles of northern Korea bordering China and ordered infantry divisions ever closer to its border.

It was the terrible devastation of this bombing campaign, worse than anything seen during World War II short of Hiroshima and Nagasaki that to this day dominates North Korea’s relations with the United States and drives its determination never to submit to any American diktat.

General Curtis Lemay directed this onslaught. It was he who had firebombed Tokyo in March 1945 saying it was “about time we stopped swatting at flies and gone after the manure pile.” It was he who later said that the US “ought to bomb North Vietnam back into the stone age.” Remarking about his desire to lay waste to North Korea he said “We burned down every town in North Korea and South Korea too.” Lemay was by no means exaggerating.

On November 27, 1950 hundreds of thousands of Chinese troops suddenly crossed the border into North Korea completely overwhelming US forces. Acheson said this was the “worst defeat of American forces since Bull Run.” One famous incident was the battle at the Chosin Reservoir, where 50,000 US marines were surrounded. As they escaped their enclosure they  said they were “advancing to the rear” but in fact all American forces were being routed.

Panic took hold in Washington. Truman now said use of A-bombs was under “active consideration.” MacArthur demanded the bombs… As he put it in his memoirs:

I would have dropped between thirty and fifty atomic bombs…strung across the neck of Manchuria…and spread behind us – from the Sea of Japan to the Yellow Sea- a belt of radioactive cobalt. It has an active life of between 60 and 120 years.

Cobalt it should be noted is at least 100 times more radioactive than uranium.

He also expressed a desire for chemicals and gas.

It is well known that MacArthur was fired for insubordination for publically announcing his desire to use nukes. Actually, Truman himself put the nukes at ready and threatened to use them if China launched air raids against American forces. But he did not want to put them under MacArthur’s command because he feared MacArthur would conduct a preemptive strike against China anyway.

By June 1951, one year after the beginning of the war, the communists had pushed UN forces back across the 38th parallel. Chinese ground forces might have been able to push the entire UN force off the peninsula entirely but that would not have negated US naval and air forces, and would have probably resulted in nuclear strikes against the Chinese mainland and that brought the real risk of Soviet entry and all out nuclear exchanges. So from this point on the war became one of attrition, much like the trench warfare of World War I. casualties continued to be high on both sides for the duration of the war which lasted until 1953 when an armistice without reunification was signed.

Of course the victims suffering worst were the civilians. In 1951 the U.S. initiated “Operation Strangle” which officialls estimated killed at least 3 million people on both sides of the 38th parallel, but the figure is probably closer to 4 million. We do not know how many Chinese died – either solders or civilians killed in cross border bombings.

The question of whether the U.S. carried out germ warfare has been raised but has never been fully proved or disproved. The North accused the U.S. of dropping bombs laden with cholera, anthrax, plague, and encephalitis and hemorrhagic fever, all of which turned up among soldiers and civilians in the north. Some American prisoners of war confessed to such war crimes but these were dismissed as evidence of torture by North Korea on Americans. However, none of the U.S. POWs who did confess and were later repatriated were allowed to meet the press. A number of investigations were carried out by scientists from friendly western countries. One of the most prominent concluded the charges were true. At this time the US was engaged in top secret germ-warfare research with captured Nazi and Japanese germ warfare experts, and also experimenting with Sarin, despite its ban by the Geneva Convention. Washington accused the communists of introducing germ warfare.

Napalm was used extensively, completely and utterly destroying the northern capital of Pyongyang. By 1953 American pilots were returning to carriers and bases claiming there were no longer any significant targets in all of North Korea to bomb. In fact a very large percentage of the northern population was by then living in tunnels dug by hand underground. A British journalist wrote that the northern population was living “a troglodyte existence.”In the Spring of 1953 US warplanes hit five of the largest dams along the Yalu river completely inundating and killing Pyongyang’s harvest of rice. Air Force documents reveal calculated premeditation saying that “Attacks in May will be most effective psychologically because it was the end of the rice-transplanting season before the roots could become completely embedded.” Flash floods scooped out hundreds of square miles of vital food producing valleys and killed untold numbers of farmers.

At Nuremberg after WWII, Nazi officers who carried out similar attacks on the dikes of Holland, creating a mass famine in 1944, were tried as criminals and some were executed for their crimes.

So after a horrific war Korea returned to the status quo ante bellum in terms of political boundaries but it was completely devastated, especially the north.

I submit that it is the collective memory of all of what I’ve described that animates North Korea’s policies toward the US today which has nuclear weapons on constant alert and stations almost 30,000 forces at the ready. Remember, a state of war still exists and has since 1953.

While South Korea received heavy American investment in the industries fleeing the United States in search of cheaper labor and new markets it was nevertheless ruled until quite recently by military dictatorships scarcely different than those of the north. For its part the north constructed its economy along five-year plans and collectivized its agriculture. While it never enjoyed the sort of consumer society that now characterizes some of South Korea, its GDP grew substantially until the collapse of communism globally brought about the withdrawal of all foreign aid to north Korea.

During the late 1980s and early 1990s, as some American policymakers took note of the north’s growing weakness  Secretary  of Defense Cheney and Paul Wolfowitz talked openly of using force finally to settle the question of Korean reunification and the claimed threat to international peace posed by North Korea.

In 1993 the Clinton Administration discovered that North Korea was constructing a nuclear processing plant and also developing medium range missiles. The Pentagon desired to destroy these facilities but that would mean wholesale war so the administration fostered an agreement whereby North Korea would stand down in return for the provision of oil and other economic aid. When in 2001, after the events of 9-11, the Bush II neo-conservatives militarized policy and declared North Korea to be an element of the “axis of evil.” All bets were now off. In that context North Korea withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, reasoning that nuclear weapons were the only way possible to prevent a full scale attack by the US in the future. Given a stark choice between another war with the US and all that would entail this decision seems hardly surprising. Under no circumstances could any westerner reasonably expect, after all the history I’ve described, that the North Korean regime would simply submit to any ultimatums by the US, by far the worst enemy Korea ever had measured by the damage inflicted on the entirety of the Korean peninsula.

(Acknowledgement to Bruce Cumings and I.F. Stone)

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What's Left

April 30, 2017

By Stephen Gowans

A day before my book Washington’s Long War on Syria was sent to the press, I read a short essay by a notable Canadian, Norman Bethune. The essay was titled Wounds. Bethune was a skilled and innovative surgeon who was at the forefront of the fight for public health care in Canada. But he’s mainly known for participating in two wars in the late 1930s: The Spanish Civil War and the Second Sino-Japanese War. In the Second Sino-Japanese War Bethune joined Mao’s forces as a frontline surgeon in the resistance against Japanese efforts to colonize China.

In an April 27, 2017 Telesur interview, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad argued that US presidents “merely implement” policies formulated by US “financial institutions,” “big arms and oil companies,” as well as “the intelligence agencies” and “the Pentagon.” It was in China that Bethune wrote his essay, a…

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